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Chronological List of events in the History of Merthyr Tydfil

Compiled by Thomas Hier

 

47   Roman fort at Penydarren park      
48   Roman fort at Penydarren park      
49   Roman fort at Penydarren park      
1100   Evidence of a bloomery at Morlais castle   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1140   Iestyn ap Gwrgant establishes Waun Market on Tor Van   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1254   First Documentary evidence of Saint Tydfil's Parish church A valour ecclesiastics , a valuation of church property of that year Merthyr Historian Vol. Three by Owain Jones
1270   listed as a Parish also in A History of the Church in the Parish of Dowlais by Hiw Williams   History of Caersalem  
1272   Becomes a parish see 1282   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1282   Morlais castle built by Gilbert de Clare ( The Red ) site is 1250 ft above sea level      
1282   Llewelyn ap Griffith died in his lifetime Parish listed as 1 of the 6 parishes of Senghenydd   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1286   Morlais Castle building started by Earl Gilbert   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1286   In Vaynor the Church destroyed in the battle with Gilbert de Clare & Humphrey de Bohun of Brecon . Battle known as Maes-y-faenor in the barons wars ( E. Bowen gives date as 1291 ) Morlais castle taken over by Edward 1    
1541   Records show town a Parish   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1555   A casting with the kings arms & the initials E K and this date found, in a house opposite the site of the Plymouth Iron works   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1583   Thomas Morley an Iron master had a furnace in the area of Quakers Yard   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1586   Thomas Morley builds Iron forge & also built them at Castllau      
1593   A Bartholomew Thomas a Iron Master sued for a debt of 20 by a Anthony Oakley & later a debt by him to a Edward Prichard for 40 marks   Industry Before the Industrial Revolution Vol. 1 by William Rees
1625   A forge existed on land owned by Sir Edward Lewis   Industry Before the Industrial Revolution Vol. 1 by William Rees
1640   Dissenters move from Blaencannid to Cwmglo  On chapel plaque " Cwmglo Pen-y Rheol -y Gerrig . Abercanaid "  History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1642   Dissenters start to worship in Blaencannaid & Penheolgerrig Moved later to Cwmyglo 1/2 a mile away, later they built a chapel Elwyn Bowen  
1644   Dissenters start to worship in Cwmyglo & Penheolgerrig   Elwyn Bowen  
1650   Date for the establishment of a Quaker community in the lower part of the parish Quakers Yard   Town Leaflet  
1656   Quakers come to area   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1662   John Jones clerk to the Parish infiltrated meeting in Blaincanid and names Dissenters 24 arrested and set to CARMARTHEN Goal The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1665   Quakers buy land in Rhydygrig became known as Quakers yard   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1668   Vavasour Powell preaches to 1000 in Church yard the Vicar George Jones has him arrested he died in jail 17/10.1670 History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1688   A David Richards ordained in area a Dissident Minster   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 by Glanmore Williams
1689   Dissenters lease land from Capt. D.Jenkins & build chapel at Cwmglo Wilkins states 1690 & minister Henry Maurice  History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1689   Hensol Estate granted 60 year lease to build Chapel at Cwmglo all dissenters worshipped together Two main groups Calvinists & Armenians Merthyr Historian Volume 5 by Martin Snead
1696 24-Oct Dowlais Area" Lady Pembroke leases land to William Edward of Eglwyns Silan for 77 years for coal & lime   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1696   In the Parish at places called Tyle Dowlais , Twynyvan adjoining on the east to Fynon Gwenllin & the highway from the Heath Market to the Village of Kelligare on the North to a place called Dowlais Chapter 16   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1700   Population approximately 700 while England & Wales had reached 5.5 million   Merthyr Historian Volume 5 J. Gross
1704   Saint Tydfil's register starts   Kelly's directory of 1884  
1717   Court house built probably on existing site   Glamorgan historian  
1720   Reports of a bank      
1724   Visited by Daniel Defore      
1738 01-Jul Tabot & M.Richards lease to W. Lewis Abernant y gwenithdyr in 1772 lease transferred to T.Thomas who on 10/03/1777 assigned it to Bacon & Brownrigg The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1738   Madam Bridget Bevan circulating school in town   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1741   The lease of 1723 to William Morgan passed to son Thomas Morgan   Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1747   Richard Rees & Armenians leave Cwmglo where all dissenters worshiped together & build at  Hen-dy-Cwrdd ( The old Meeting Place ) The 1851 religious census ( 2 [29]) gives them as Unitarians  History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1749   Hen Dy Cerdd in Cefn appoint Hatheren Davies start of Unitarianism and dominant until 1877    History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1749   Claims it was formed ,but that some members were dissatisfied with D.Davies teaching & considered independence members left & met in room behind Crown inn Zoar Chapel by Angharad Lewis  
1749   Hen Dy Cwrdd built by some Cwmyglo members from Aberdare    History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1751   Lease at Cwmyglo expires members build Ynysgau chapel first minister last at Cmwyglo The religious Census 1851 ( 2:22 ) does not give date of build Informant then was Morgan Jones deacon History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1751   In T.F.Clarke's Guide to town printed in 1848 gives the date of Ynysgau build as 1789 The religious Census 1851 ( 2:22 ) does not give date of build Informant then was Morgan Jones deacon History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1755   States that B.H.Malkin writes that Bacon leases land in area 8 x 4 miles for 99 years That he then set up works ( see Wilkins 1763 ) Industrial South Wales Essays in Welsh Economic History by  L.B. Namer
1756   Dowlais iron works started ( T.E.Clarke gives date 1753 in Gellifaelog dingle to produce pig iron only )  The last part of these works closed in 1977 229 years. GKN history gives the date 1759 as the starting date  
1756   T.Lewis, Llanishen & T. Pride Bristol 750 e. /T. Pride, Waterford .J. Curtis & N.Webb . Bristol 500 ea.  R. Jenkins Cardiff J.Jones Bristol I.Wilkinson Denbighshire , E. Blakeway Shrewsbury 250 each Earl B. Thomas  
1756   Wilkinson allowed the use of his blowing Machine   Earl B. Thomas  
1757 19-Sep  Thomas Lewis(3/16),Thomas Price(1/8),Richard Jenkins(1/16),Thomas Harris(1/8), John Curtis (1/8) + Nathaniel Webb(1/8)"John Jones (1/16),Isaac Wilkinson(1/16) & Edward Blackeway(1/16) form  4000 capital The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1757 20-Sep Thomas Rees & David John of Merthyr lease to Thomas Lewis of Newhouse rights to Pantywain  ( Dowlais ) They obtained lease from Thomas Morgan of Ruperra The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1757   First furnace built in Dowlais see other dates. Was called the Merthyr Furnaces      
1758   Howell Harries came to preach Mr Rees of the Court allowed him to preach from his house Crowds filled the space between Court & Parish church History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1759 19-Sep Dowlais consortium was T.Lewis Newhouse & T. Harries Bristol 3/16 :T. Price Walford, J.Curtis ,& N. Webb 1/8 : R.Jenkins Cardiff:J.Jones Iron Master Bristol ,E. Blackway & Isaac Wilkinson 1/16 each   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1759   Thomas Lewis appoints John Guest, partner at that time was Isaac Wilkinson Of the 9 partners 4 were Bristol men who contributed 50% of the share capital of 4000 Chris Evans  
1759    Partnership on the Merthyr furnaces formed 9 Partners capital 4000 land leased from Lady Windsor only pig iron produced    
1759   Gives the Value of the to 2009 as 1 = 60 in 2009   GKN The Making of a Business 1759 - 2009   Andrew Lorenz
1759   Preface of Diaries credits Dowlais with 2nd furnace   The Diaries of Charles Wood Transcribed by Joseph Gross
1759   Gross gives population as circa 500   NUT HISTORY  
1759   Caleb Simmons 1st Wesleyan minister buys land near Morlais Brook Foundation stone laid 1796   The Merthyr Times 25 June 1897  
1760   John Guest now in Dowlais Ratio of coal to pig produced 85 to 1    
1760   Dowlais Works producing 18 tons of iron per week   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By J.A. Owen
1760   In Holborn London William Hamley opened a toy shop called Noah's Ark he later moved to Regent street,  During the time that Cyfarthfa site was occupied by Lines Bros. ( Triang Toys Pedigree Prams ) Hamleys was a subsidiary Times 18 September 2012  
1761   Hen-dy-Cwrdd in Cefn Coed could now said to be Unitarian not Armenian    History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1763 14-Dec From the Earl of Plymouth 99 year lease @ 60 pa to Isaac Wilkinson of Wrexham & John Guest  They took partners J. White E. Blackeway F. Evans W.Perritt & Sarah Guest The start of the Plymouth Enterprise  
1763 02-May Edward Morgan Grants lease in Rhydycar in his life & sister for 22 PA from John Williams of Chiriton increasing the Cyfarthfa enterprise rented land   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1763 14-Dec Lesseed land to start the Plymouth Iron Works, John Guest & Isaac Wilkinson Believed that because of the difficulty in buying out existing tenants they never started The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1763 01-Dec Isaac Wilkinson father of John now involved with Dowlais Iron Works   The Economic History of the British Iron & Steel Industry 1784 - 1879 By Alan Birch
1763   Lease of 85 years granted by Alice Windsor to Thomas Lewis   Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1763   Dowlais Iron Works  producing 1500 tons per annum   John A. Owen  
1763   New Lease Granted to Dowlais Iron Works  believed to supersede 1748/9 lease from Lady Alice Windsor   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1763   Antony Bacon comes to town by carriage stays in the Star Rector's returns shows 40 families in the parish mostly Armenians, Armenians & Anabaptist History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1763   Wilkins claims Bacon comes to town stays in the Star   Industrial South Wales Essays in Welsh Economic History by L.B. Namer
1763   Lease for 99 years obtained by Wilkinson & Guest from the 4th Earl of Plymouth   ( Confirmed by Gordon Rattenbury )  
1763   Davies family of Gwernllyn Isaac had Garth Hamlet farm licensed for Baptists   Chris Evans  
1764   Antony Bacon has Cyfarthfa house built      
1764   Dowlais Iron Works  makes a profit of 2500   History of Guest Keen & Nettlefold by Edgar Jones
1764   Stated that John Guest brought the knowledge of using coking coal as a fuel to Dowlais from Coalbrookdale   Industry Before the Industrial Revolution Vol. 1 by William Rees
1764   Thomas Lewis left his shares in the Merthyr Furnaces & the Cardiff forges to his son William   Industry Before the Industrial Revolution Vol. 1 by William Rees
1765 01-May Earl of Plymouth Grants Wilkinson & Guest Further land & Mineral rights foe 99 years at 60 PA Plymouth Enterprise growing Including Aberdare Parish The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1765 04-Jul Bacon & Brownrigg lease 2 fields at Cyfarthfa Rock   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1765 29-Aug First Lease to Coal & Ironstone From Lord Talbot & Michael Richards Of Cardiff & Antony Bacon & William Brownrigg 100 per Year Cyfarthfa enterprise raw materials safe guarded The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1765 07-Oct Bacon & Brownrigg obtain Rydicar direct from Lord Talbot for 99 years at 36 PA   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1765   Dowlais Iron has 3 executive partners Thomas Price, William Lewis, and Nathaniel Webb Birch states Guest became subcontractor to wks in July 1765 Edgar Jones  
1765   Involved with Bacon in the Cyfarthfa proposals are Samuel, Jeremiah & John Homfray also Brownrigg      
1765   Antony Bacon "lease more land for the Cyfarthfa project, involving Brownrigg & Richard Crawshay      
1765   Having leased more land from Lord Talbot Antony Bacon takes over the Plymouth Iron Works      
1765   First furnace built at Cyfarthfa by Charles Wood native of Cumberland Born 1702 died 1794   The Platinum Metal Review January 1965
1765   More land leased to Bacon & Crawshay for the Cyfarthfa Enterprise      
1765   Lease 4000 acres for 99 years from Lord Talbot The Cyfarthfa Enterprise is now quite a big enterprise Anthony Bacon & William Brownrigg at 100    
1765   Cyfarthfa Leases Llancaech estate      
1766 01-Jun Black claims to have arrived from Cumbria to find Cyfarthfa works half built      
1766 26-Jun A. Bacon buys from Guest & Wilkinson their 1/4 share of the Plymouth works John Guest travels down to the meeting, Bacon has Charles Wood as an adviser Chris Evans  
1766 01-Jul Plymouth works closed for refurbishment, when opened Wood's is the manager      
1766 24-Jun Co-partnership between Bacon & Brownrigg to carry on The Cyfarthfa Iron Business   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1766 30-Jun The Rydycar lease assigned to Bacon & Brownrigg at 36 PA   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1766 11-Apr Comes to Cyfarthfa to build 1st Blast furnace , forge & wrought Iron converters  ( see  other data above ) Writes that site was far behind schedule The Diaries of Charles Wood Transcribed by Joseph Gross
1766 11-Apr Agent for his brother in Law Brownrigg & his partner Bacon Diary until early July and the until end September The Diaries of Charles Wood Transcribed by Joseph Gross
1766   Cyfarthfa has its furnace & forges Bacon & Brownrigg the owners Built by C. Woods with some Cumbria men, he is the brother in law of Brownrigg Chris Evans  
1766   Bacon has the first lease on Cyfarthfa reassigned to himself      
1766   Pandy Farm House Built or rebuilt   Merthyr leaflet  
1767 01-Apr Manger at Dowlais works having sold his interests in the Plymouth works   John A. Owen  
1767 30-Apr Manger at Dowlais works  Born in 1721 he was a mature 46 year old   Chris Evans  
1767 17-Jun Bacon & Brownrigg lease 3 fields at Cyfarthfa Rock at 6 PA 07/10 Obtain lease direct but amended to 7 The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1767 11-Apr Returns to Cyfarthfa keeps diary  until end of May   The Diary of Charles Wood Transcribed by Joseph Gross
1767   Antony Bacon builds turnpike road to Cardiff via Caerphilly the contractor a Robert Thomas Grandfather of DR.Thomas of the court Rattenbury states it was the Glamorgan Turnpike act with Bacon a trustee  with Guest & William Lewis History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1767   Bacon acquires the Plymouth Iron works Wilkinson went to North Wales Guest went to Dowlais but was he looking for a job   Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads & their Locomotives by G. Rattenbury & M.J.T.Lewis
1767   Cyfarthfa has 2nd furnace      
1768 31-Mar Bacon & Brownrigg lease 3 fields at Cyfarthfa & Use of Water at 5-10-0 Pa On 07/10 Talbot granted lease direct  The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1768 09-Jul Rees Thomas from Aberdare leases to Isaac Williams of Merthyr Cannaid 2 houses & fields This suggest the Plymouth Enterprise being kept separate from Cyfarthfa The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1768 07-Oct Bacon & Brownrigg obtain the lease of 17/06/1767 at yearly rent of 6 from Earl Talbot & M. Richards Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1768 15-Oct Bacon & Brownrigg obtain the lease of 31/03/1768 at yearly rent of 5-10-0 Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1769 23-Sep Bacon & Brownrigg lease Llwyn Celin Fawr from Talbot & Richards for 99  years at 36 Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1770   Bank In the Town   Glam. County History  
1770   Davies family of Gwernllyn Isaf had Garth Hamlet farm licensed fir Baptists   Chris Evans  
1771 29-Apr Limestone at Craigfawr y Gurnos leased from H Richards to Charles Wood at 2-2-0 Pa Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1771 13-Sep Rydycar lease now from Edward Morgan to W. John & Morgan Williams for 40 + int. Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1771   The Vicar complains that his parishioners are all Presbyterians but professing to be Armenians   Welsh History Review  
1771   Antony Bacon Builds turnpike road to Taffs Well eventually it got connected to Cardiff      
1772 25-Mar Bacon Leases Tir Cwm Cannaid Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1772 16-Jun Rydycar Leases consolidated Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1772   Dowlais Iron works selling Pig at Cardiff for 5 :12 : 6 producing at 2 : 10 : 0 =  3 : 2  : 6 profit or 55.5 % T.O.   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1773 06-Jul Bacon awarded contract to supply cannon made from various Irons   Chris Evans  
1773   Antony Bacon now builds cannon boring mill at Cyfarthfa      
1773   Bacon obtains Contract to supply canon produced from various produced Iron including one cast solid This 18 pounder but actually supplied by John Wilkinson this caused great interest John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1773   As a result of the trials obtained contract to supply Solid cast cannons at 18 ton   John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1774   Government want all cannons made solid but were advised of legal threats Jones & Co. Bristol : Samuel Walker & Co. John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1775 28-Jun Bryn Tegall Faur leased to Bacon & Brownrigg by Rev. S. Davies Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1775   1776 the rates raised  26   Chris Evans  
1775   Hen dy Cwrdd in Cefn has Sunday school 10 years before Charles started his movement in Bala    History of Hen dy Cwrdd by Tom Lewis
1776 18-Apr Harrisons & Co. repute claims that their cannons were not cast solid produce Wilkinson's letter   John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1776 05-Jun A. Bacon tells Board that he has broken with his agent J.Wilkinson & offers to supply at 18 ton Others Follow Carron : Walker : Remant : Wright : Scaife : English & Harrison. Not J.Jones. John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1776   States that at least from this date no royalties paid to Wilkinson   John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1776   By June Cyfarthfa supplying Cannons to Govt. & maybe the Rebels in America   NUT history  
1777   Founders asked by Board to verify on oath that cannons supplied are Cast solid & bored   John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century by Ifor Edwards
1777 10-Mar T.Thomas Assigns lease of 10/04/1772 to Bacon & Brownrigg for 120 & 180 Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1777 22-Jul Deed Poll showing Brownrigg sells his interest in Cyfarthfa for 1504-15-5 to Bacon   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1777 14-Oct Bacon lessees land near Cyfarthfa furnaces  and land under the canal Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1777   Richard Crawshay visits the town      
1777   Bacon buys out Brownrigg Crawshay takes his pace in the partnership   Chris Evans  
1778   Board thought year & 1779 desperate for Cannons   John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century
1779 01-Mar 12 pounders cast at Cyfarthfa burst. Minutes show that Bacon was supplying Sardinia & East India Co. All proofed at Woolwich John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century
1779 01-Apr From Board minutes John Wilkinson's patent ignored mention is made of a Carron patent application By 8 July Board announced their intention to oppose ant Carrion Patent application John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century
1779 18-Jun Harrisons & Co. Acquainted no further orders & nor reason given although Bacons cannons burst   John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century
1779 24-Jul Board gives OK to Carron . Edwards believes that this was because they had friends in high places As did Bacon John Robinson Sec to the Treasury from 1770 but not Wilkinson John Wilkinson & the Development of gunfounding in the late 18th Century
1780 02-Feb Bacon leases small land for 12 pa Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1780   Dowlais Iron works start exporting to the USA   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 by John A. Owen
1780   Saxon Row built by Homfray for the English forge men      
1781   Dowlais Iron  works has its 2nd furnace John Guest buys 1/16 th SHARE for 2600 John A. Owen  
1781   John Guest has a new 10 year contract to manage the Dowlais Iron  works Buys 6/16 from Thomas Harries for 2600 over 6 years 1/16 from  W Price 490 He was 59 years old Chris Evans  
1782   Rockingham's whig government passes an act forbidding MP's being government contractors forces Bacon to change his plans Chris Evans  
1782 01-Aug Robert Price of Brecon acting for Guest bought for 490  1/16 Share from William Price  Guest now held 7/16 of Dowlais works    
1782 01-May Bacon leases part of Ynys Fach       
1782 01-May Thomas Guest now Partner  made deed on behalf of Co. with Joseph Cowles of Coed y Gric Blakway had retired sold 250 1/16 stake to Harris for 60  he holds 1/4 +Curtis had not paid for shares held T.H. The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1782 19-Sep Thomas Guest now Partner  made deed on behalf of Co. with Joseph Cowles of Coed y Gric sells 1/16 for 2400 The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1782 27-Sep Bacon leases Cannon Borer Air Furnaces, Forges etc & Land to Frances Homfray for 50 years at 20 PA The conditions of the lease are exacting , includes no Prejudice to House & Gardens of A. B. The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1782 27-Sep As a sitting MP Bacon could not supply the Government  due to the Clerk's Act Frances Homfray had vast experience including Calcutts Iron Wks who had mad e Cannons The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1782 10-Oct Thomas Harries sells his 3/8 to John  Guest for 2600 Thomas Guest & William Williams of Brecon Surety   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1782   Frances Homfray of Stourton granted a Mill for boring of cannon & the foundry for a lease of 50 years @ 20  by Bacon , he could not erects Furnaces in Glam. Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise due to the government act making Bacon to chose to be a MP or a contractor The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1782   Antony Bacon entered into agreement with Homfray for him to build forge at Cyfarthfa & be supplied with Iron Quoted by Wilkins he owned Callcott Wks & a forge at Stewponey Industrial South Wales Essays in Welsh Economic History by W.E. Minchinton
1782   Dowlais Iron works valued at 2000 by 1798 it was valued at 61000      
1782   Thomas Harris sold John Guest six shares for 2600 one for his son Thomas ( 3/8 of co.)   The Economic History of the British Iron & Steel Industry 1784 - 1879 By Alan Birch
1783 02-Feb Bacon leases land called Tyr y Pandy + 3 fields part Gwailod y Garth Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1783 01-Oct Bacon leases land part Tyr Abernant y Gwenithdwr Farm Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1783   Peter Onions devises a puddling method refined pig to wrought iron at Dowlais. Patent No. 1370 ( Cossons claim not taken up generally by the trade )   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1783   Frances Homfray comes to town   for Bacon to transfers Contracts & Leases to him   NUT History  
1783   Cyfarthfa purchased by Richard Crawshay Charles Wood develops a stamping process at the works    
1783   Richard Hill takes over the management of the Plymouth  as his brother in law heavily involved in Cyfarthfa Hill is married to Bacons mistress's sister    
1783   1783 The rates raised 41   Chris Evans  
1783   John Guest sells to Joseph Guest 1/16 share for 530      
1784 26-Apr Bacon leases from Earl of Plymouth Gwyldy y Du Garth & the Pandy Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1784 01-Oct  Homfray disposes of the Forge& premises at Cyfarthfa to David Tanner , Crawshay obtain these in March 1836  to start a Iron works at Penydarren with his 3 sons is backed by Foreman  rent 3pa The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1784 12-Feb Frances Homfray sons Jeremiah & Samuel  takes out a 99 year lease in area called Penydarren from John Rees plus sub leases from Dowlais for Coal The start of the Penydarren Enterprise The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1784   Richard Hill now Manager Plymouth works Brother in law of Bacon    
1784   Penydarren works building starts (1786 ) investment said to be 14000 by 1817 Valued at 100000 Skilled from Stourbridge came , Richard foreman invested 2500 in 1784 & 8666.65S in 1784  
1784   Further Capital for Penydarren obtained from T. Homfray R.,W. & H. Foreman Penydarren used Stamping & potting process for wrought Iron The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1784   New lease at Cyfarthfa      
1785 02-Feb John Josiah Guest born at Gelligaelog      
1785 01-Nov Bacon & Richard Hill Lease land for scouring  from William Williams. Bacon it is said is now 67 Consolidated the Cyfarthfa Enterprise The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1785   Thomas Guest in charge held 1/8 Tait 1/2 & Tait 3/8 Lorenz claims they were paid 150 PA each = at 60 to 9000 History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1785   Samuel Bowyer a London civil servant sells his shares in the Dowlais works   Chris Evans  
1785   1ST Furnace in blast at Penydarren Works new owner George Foreman has the Homfray's advising him Chris Evans  
1785   The Crown Inn built by James Roberts   Wall Plaque  
1785   The Parish has 3 Iron blast furnaces by 1811 it will have 17   Chris Evans  
1785   Gwaelodygarth estate acquired for 1500 by William Morgan Squire of Grawen    
1786 21-Jan Antony Bacon Dies Copy of his Will in My Book      
1786 12-Feb Lease for Cyfarthfa furnaces & other Premises granted to Richard Crawshay ,W. Stephens , & J. Cockshutt  Plymouth works a separate entirety (Ince states new owners invested 50,000 in works) The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1786 01-Mar Frances Homfray Quarrels with Bacon & gives up his Cyfarthfa lease a David Tanner then takes over   The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1786   Dowlais works has a capital of 8000 by 104 it has risen to 120,000 Note E.J. said 35000 Works now has Refinery & forges Chris Evans  
1786   Richard Hill obtains lease on the Plymouth Works      
1786   Penydarren House built (1st excavation of Roman Forts in Penydarren Park) Frances Homfrays home    
1786   Penydarren lease coal rights from Dowlais   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1786   Penydarren has capital of 14000 by 1796 it is 46000   Chris Evans  
1786   Cyfarthfa furnaces producing 21 tons of iron per week   Chris Evans  
1786   Isaac Wilkinson in charge at Cyfarthfa opened drift mine at Comcaned   The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1786   Gwernllwyn Isha  on Bishops list as licensed place of worship ( Baptist) Elizabeth Davies named  Was top of Horse St between the Dowlais & Morlais Brook History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1786   Obtains Furnace ETC. From David Tanner   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1786   Booklet claims people baptised near the Iron Bridge   Booklet " Zion Welsh Baptist Church
1787 25-Nov John Guest dies  he achieved a lot in 20 years .Son Thomas & son in Law William Taitt run Co.  Guest held 5/8 Co with Capital 38,000 & producing 1,800 TPA from 2 furnaces Merthyr Historian Volume 1 by John A. Owen
1787 01-Aug John Jones helps William Taitt to seize 1/4 of Dowlais Iron works   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1787 25-Nov Thomas Guest on death of father John seizes the 3/8 share on behalf of self & family Capital given by Birch as 38,000 The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1787   Thomas Guest takes over the management of Dowlais works on his fathers death with his brother - in law until 1792, capital now 38,000   Chris Evans  
1787   Crawshay claims to have invested 50,000 by 1793   Chris Evans  
1787   Crawshay Licences Cort's Puddling process pays royalties of 10/- per ton, tries to sell process to Wilkinson 3 Skilled puddlers come from Hampshire to train his worker Many  
1788 16-Mar Richard Crawshay as for quotations for steam engine      
1788 10-Apr Bolton & Watts Quotes Crawshay for steam engines Double 36" cylinder with 8ft stroke = 60 HP cost 570 plus any installation costs    
1788 09-May Plymouth wks taken over  from the Estate of A. Bacon by Richard Hill Plant 490.60 Rent 650 pa also leased land @ 267.14 pa The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1788   Zion ( Seion ) Chapel in Twynyrodyn first in town   Booklet " Zion Welsh Baptist Church
1788   Penydarren works using Cort's puddling process   Chris Evans  
1788   Cyfarthfa builds its second furnace   Chris Evans  
1789   Dowlais has 2nd furnace ( in 1781 date in GKN'S history)    Chris Evans  
1789   Zion Baptist Chapel built ( in Twynyrodyn ) informant John Jones Minister   Religious Census 1851 ( 2:17 )  
1789   Zoar Chapel Building starts Religious census 1851 gives date as 1803 T.F. Clark's Guide 1803 enlarged 1825 & 1841 Chris Evans  
1789   William Lewis Starts Ebenezer Religious census 1851 gives date as 1793   Chris Evans  
1790   Dowlais Iron works rated at  2000 P.A. Weekly wages  Furnace Keeper 10/6 : Bridge servers 7/6 : fillers 9/- : founders 12/- Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1790   To build the Glamorgan canal Capital 60,000  100 shares . Crawshay 21.833% Harfords 10% : J.Kemeys 8.33% : W. Stevens 8.33% Merthyr other Iron master took small interest rates set  5p ton any trader 1p ton at Cardiff The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1790   Dowlais Iron works build tramway to Pont-Storehouse on the Glamorgan Canal Cost 3000 as canal idea abandon & rights to build included in the 4 mile clause of Canal Act John A. Owen  
1790   To carry the Dowlais & Penydarren railway Jacksons bridge built  He was a Ledbury mason known to Dartford ( Merthyr Express 29/09/1918 stated 1793    
1790    Glamorgan Canal  confirmed contract 48,288  contactor issued bond 10,000 Land Purchase 30 X an rent not in cost .  T.D. est. elevation 537 ft X 40 +800 per mile = 6408 profit  The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1790   Canal saved money 2 tons Iron required 4 horses 1 man & boy boat carried 24 tons 1 horse +man & boy Profits under the Act limited to 8%    
1790   Book states that Crawshay wanted to set up Bank in Town with other Iron Masters Kept out of the Dowlais Penydarren wrangle over cost of tramways to new canal The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1790   Twyn-y-Waun house built Hamlet had a market Chris Evans  
1790   In the 1890'S working class house was 18 FT X 13 FT cost  30 including the furniture   Chris Evans  
1790   The 1890'S had server water shortages in the summer it actually stopped production in the Iron works Crawshay paid men to  clear stones on 1/2 pay. Plymouth works very badly affected Chris Evans  
1790   Claims there was famine in the town & the people were fed by the Iron Masters   Chris Evans  
1790   Jeremiah Homfray leaves Penydarren iron works ( he was one of the founding parters of The Ebbw Vale Iron Co.)   Chris Evans  
1791 18-Jun The Glamorgan Canal company authorise the building of a bridge to carry the Dowlais & Penydarren tramroads to the canal What we know as Jackson's bridge Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads and their Locomotives by G.Rattenbury & M.J.T.Lewis
1791 22-Sep  Crawshay dissolves his partnership with Lewis & Cockshutt He is now alone, it ends Cockshutts 10 year involvement in Cyfarthfa Chris Evans  
1791   Glamorgan canal started ,the plans published in 1790 estimated the cost to be  103660 Merthyr to Cardiff a mule carried 130 lbs of iron    
1791   Cyfarthfa producing 35 tons of Iron in a good week   Chris Evans  
1791   Cyfarthfa wages are : Finers 6/- , puddlers 14/- , hammer men 2/6 per ton   Chris Evans  
1791   E.P. Martin gives ratio of coal needed to produce 1 ton of pig iron as 8 to 1 This improved to 4 to 1 by 1821 & by, 1831 3TO  1 & now  1 TO 1 Chris Evans  
1791   Jeremiah Homfray's wages set by arbitrators at 140 pa   Chris Evans  
1791   Zion Baptist Chapel Built( I have date as 1788 )   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1791   Dowlais Iron works build tramway to Morlais Quarries via Gurnos   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1792   The Glamorgan Canal now reaches Pontypridd   The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1792   Under the powers of the Glamorgan Canal Act Crawshay builds a tramway from Cyfarthfa to the Gurnos Quarry   Cadw & the Internet  
1792   Crawshay imports 1,200 tons of flour from the USA   Chris Evans  
1792   Penydarren owners decide to invest in a second Iron furnace   Chris Evans  
1792   Dowlais Iron works partners offer works to Robert Crawshay for 60,000 he declined They with Penydarren leased land by the new canal History of Guest Keen & Nettlefold by Edgar Jones
1792    Robert Thompson moves from Cyfarthfa to Dowlais with a wage of 159 PA Plus grazing rights   Chris Evans  
1792   Joseph Cowles buys 1/16 share Dowlais Iron Works  from Thomas Guest  Co. trading profit 1900  Construct Tramroad to Pontstore House at head of Glamorgan Canal cost 3000 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1792   William Price Ordained as minister at Zion Twynyrodyn Later dismissed& with his followers formed Ebenezer ( but Ebenezer was built in 1790 ) History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1792   23 Dissenting Meeting places registered with Bishops Court , G.A.W. claimed double that existed   The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1792   Tramway  from Gurnos quarries to Cyfarthfa   Stone Blocks & Iron Rails by Bertram Baxter
1793 01-May Crawshay appealed to Lord Hawkesbury who allowed the importation of 1200 tons of flour & Wheat for his workers   The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1793   Dowlais Iron works has 3rd furnace   Edgar Jones  
1793   Richard Crawshay in dispute with Bacons eldest son Anthony Bacon R. Hill Jar witness   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1793   These are appointed magistrates, Crawshay : Taitt: Lewis : Hill & the Homfray's       
1793   Ebenezer Baptist Chapel built ( I know this was Welsh in Plymouth St. demolished in 1995) Informant John Lloyd minister   Religious Census 1851 (2:28)  
1793   Glamorgan "Canal opened to Treforest By June at Taffs Well The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1793   Pennsylvania or Pontmorlais erected informant Evan John Elder enlarged in 1834 T.F.Clark's Guide gives building date as circa 1873 & spells it Pennsylvania Religious Census 1851 ( 2:14 )  
1793   In his guide to the town gives the dates when Jackson built his bridge over the taff to carry the trams   A Guide to Merthyr Tydfil ( First published 1848 ) by T.E. Clarke
1793   Tramway from Dowlais I.W. via Jacksons Bridge 4ft 21/2 "Engineer George Overton built jointly with Glam. Canal Co.   Stone Blocks & Iron Rails by Bertram Baxter
1793   Richard Crawshay built a tramroad to the Gurnos Quarries this includes the Pontycafnau bridge   Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads and their Locomotives by G.Rattenbury & M.J.T.Lewis
1794 10-Feb Glamorgan Canal now open to Cardiff in spite of the Earl of Bute 51 locks in 25.5 miles must average12.25 ft per lock 543 ft    
1794   The Glamorgan Canal  had a breach  Company took Dadford to court but it found in his favour   The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1794   Ebenezer built in Plymouth St. Claims to be the first Baptist Chapel in Town    
1794   Founder members of Zoar meet in the long room of the Crown Inn   The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1794   Claims that the elders & members of Zoar met in the long room of the crown inn obviously before the chapel was built The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1794   Dowlais employing 400 Men & boys, Penydarren 900 all less than Cyfarthfa   Chris Evans  
1795 01-Feb in this month Glamorgan canal opens Cost 103660 ( Closed in 1865 & 1898) it replaced the horse & cart that only carried 2 tons per load   
1795   Turnpike road to Neath available   The Diary of Charles Wood Transcribed by Joseph Gross
1795   An act to build & improve the turnpike road from Abernant to neat Beauford affect the roads in Merthyr,& the Dowlais &Penydarren tramways   Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads and their Locomotives by G.Rattenbury & M.J.T.Lewis
1795   George Martin Appointed Vicar of town spent most of his time living in Swansea Merthyr Historian Volume 8 By Roger L. Brown
1795   Reported that the area was producing 250 tons of iron per week Consuming some 1400 tons of coal    
1795   Cyfarthfa builds 3rd furnace Weather so cold Canals inoperable for 3 months Chris Evans  
1795   Iron master agree a rateable vale of 20 per furnace   Chris Evans  
1795   Crawshay is complaining of the cost of labour on puddling of 12/- per ton      
1795   Dowlais Iron Wks Capital set at 20,000   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1795   Dowlais Iron Works install a Watt & Boulton Engine   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1795   Joseph Cowles sells his 1/16 share in Dowlais Iron Works  to Robert Thompson the Manager   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1795   A Caleb Simmons buys a plot of land near the Morlais Brook to build Wesleyan Chapel Foundation stone laid in in 1796 opened in June 1797 Merthyr Times 25 June 1897  
1796   Dowlais agree to provide Cyfarthfa with 2000 tons of pig iron per year for 5 Years From the agreement Watkin George is named as a Co-partner The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1796   Cyfarthfa furnaces producing 50 tons of iron in a good week It must have a bigger puddling capacity because of its agreement with Dowlais Chris Evans  
1796   Parish records show iron works rated a  Plymouth 750 Penydarren 3000 Dowlais 2000   History of Guest Keen & Nettlefold by Edgar Jones
1796   Wesleyan Chapel built on land by the Morlais brook Land bought 1759 opened 18 June 1796 By Rev. James Buckley raised 189 Brecon gave 8-7-6 The Merthyr Times 25 June 1897  
1796   Penydarren 2 furnaces producing 4100 tons Jeremiah leaves in dispute with brother has payment of 1000 pa & gets involved with other Iron Co,s The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1796   Iron production at Merthyr Cyfarthfa (3) 7204 : Penydarren (2) 4100 : Dowlais (3)2800 & Plymouth (1)2200   History of the Iron Trade by H. Scrivenor
1796   The Star Inn has Mash Tub built out of American Oak   Merthyr Telegraph 19/07/1856  
1797 01-Aug Iron masters meet in the Star inn in an attempt to improve company relationships   Chris Evans  
1797   Dowlais Iron Works   opens its truck shop   John A. Owen  
1797   English Wesleyan Methodist Chapel Built informant John Fletcher Minister ( must be Pontmorlais )   Religious Census 1851 " ( 12 )  
1797   Dowlais Iron Works has its 3rd furnace   Chris Evans  
1797   In june canal company nominate a hundredweight as 112 pounds was 200 lbs at the same rate per cwt increasing Dowlais & Penydarren transport cost      
1797   Cyfarthfa builds its 4th furnace   Chris Evans  
1797   Cyfarthfa rates increased to 5625 Crawshay appeals and won   Chris Evans  
1797   English Wesleyan Methodist chapel built I take it to be at Pontmorlais   Religious Census 1851 ( 2:12 )  
1798 10-Dec Joseph Cowles sells his 1/16 in Dowlais Iron Works to Robert Thompson who sells to William Taitt for 3817   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1798   Dowlais Iron Works installs a Bolton & Watt steam engine replacing the old atmospheric machine First in Wales Capital quoted by Birch as 61072 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1798   No Catholics recorded in area   St Mary's Parish M.T. 1827-1993 by Fr. Anselm Cramer OSB
1798   Dowlais Iron Works  raise a volunteer Militia force of 198 men during the early Napoleonic Wars   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1798   Robert Thompson leaves Dowlais sells his share to William Taitt for 3817 Capital of Company 61.072 Birch stated he took over the Tintern Abbey works Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1798   The Glamorgan Canal now reaches the sea with the last lock  The canal was tunnelled under Queen St. Its boats were 60 ft by 105 inches   The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1798   Glamorgan canal has extension & sea lock, 51 locks & 543 ft total cost including land 103,600 Drop of 543 FT & 51 Locks from Merthyr to the sea    
1798   James Watt visits Cyfarthfa sees only 1 steam engine but 7 water wheels   Chris Evans  
1798   Iron bridge made & erected 1800 for Ynysfach (See 1879 ) T.E. Clarke claims Walkin George the builder Merthyr Historian No. 10  
1798   Cyfarthfa rates set at  3000 Crawshay appeals and he wins   Chris Evans  
1798   Act for the establishment of a company to build a tramway from town to Cardiff Opposed by Crawshay withdrawn then built one without parliamentary Act to Abercynon Brunel in South Wales By Stephen K. Jones
1799 18-Jan Dowlais & Penydarren Works have access to the canal via Jackson bridge, with the tramway to Abercynon as back up   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 by Joseph Gross
1799   Bethel Welsh Baptist Chapel Built at Cwm Taff demolished in 1927      
1799   Dowlais works opens a company shop ( Truck ) and makes wage payments with credit notes. See 1897   Chris Evans  
1799   Thomas Guest Dowlais works manager until 1807   Chris Evans  
1799   Guest, Homfray & W. Lewis of Pentyrch have parliamentary bill to build tramway to Cardiff They build Tramway from Dowlais to Abercynon as there is no need for parliamentary approval History of Guest Keen & Nettlefold by Edgar Jones
1800 22-Sep Food riots troops called in shops (Morgan Lewis) looted ( iron masters avert starvation ) 2 Rioters sentenced to death by Judge G. Harding ( Previous good men ) 1 worked for Hill .Truck shops looted by Church Chris Evans  
1800   Cefn Coed Fair started      
1800   Dowlais with its 3 furnaces producing 3000 tons of iron pa Iron trade in a depression & food prices are very high John A. Owen  
1800   Dowlais & Penydarren form company to build tram road to Abercynon 91/2 mile long completed in 1802   The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1800   The Iron bridge built Richard Crawshay met the cost. The Engineer was George Watkins cost said to be 4000   Merthyr Express 24 September 1918
1800   The Penydarren works purchase from Sirhowy Iron works all its output of pig iron to refine. Transported on horse back Chris Evans  
1800   Claims Iron works employed 3000 1801 census had only 8000 in Town   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1800   After this date Latter Day Saints met at the Cymreigyddion Hall or White Lion Inn Hall   Religious Census 1851 (2:21 )  
1800   In his guide states that there were high food prices that caused a riot 2 ring leaders were arrested then hung   A Guide to Merthyr Tydfil ( first published 1848 ) By T.E. Clarke
1801 28-Mar The depression in the iron trade blamed for the cut of 7p from 1/- in ironstone miners by Crawshay   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1801 01-Jun In June a mob from Merthyr march to Aberdare & back ransacking any bailiffs houses they could find They force workers to stop work, and besiege troops in the Castle hotel who reportedly shoot 16 dead Charles Wilkins  
1801   The Review makes clear that these riots were due to food shortages. & that the Iron masters imported food but also ensured that troops were kept in the town   The Welsh History Review Vol. 6 No. 1 by M.J.Daunton
1801   Claims 2 Iron workers hung   Merthyr Tydfil Iron Metropolis By Keith Strange
1801   Dowlais iron Works now has only 3 partners William Tate with 8 shares, - Thomas Guest with 2, & William Lewis with -  6   Merthyr Historian Volume 1  
1801   Claims that Inhabitants of the Iron works rioted imposed price controls on food put down by the dragoons & 2 previously respectable ironworkers hanged The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1801   Dowlais Iron Works  build a new forge & mill on land that Penydarren Iron Co. had the mineral rights to them   Chris Evans  
1801   Has 1404 houses 4273 males 3432 female  = Parish Number  7705 Part of the Caerphilly 100's only 4 towns in Wales with a population in excess of 5000    
1801   Cyfarthfa now starts the Ynysfach Iron works started the furnaces designed by W. George a partner in the company eventually had 4   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1801   Crawshay's daughter Charlotte marries Mr.Benjamine Hall ( Big Ben named after him ) Son of the chancellor of Llandaff He buy the Rhymney Iron Works and gives them it as a wedding present Charles Wilkins  
1801   At the Dowlais works the puddling section presiding foreman was Thomas Lee He was a hammer man at Cyfarthfa when with his father & brother he was sacked Chris Evans  
1801   William Williams installs a printing press in his bookshop that was situated in Market Place      
1801   1st Census town had a population of  7705 &  1401 Houses 1st census population in  Swansea 6831  Cardiff 1870    
1802   Nelson visited  ( T.E. Clarke gives account of his visit & stay at the Star a ceremonial cannon fire kills an 8 year old boy )      
1802   Tramroad from Penydarren to the Canal at Abercynon opened 4ft 2" gauge  George Overton Engineer   Stone Blocks & Iron Rails by Bertram Baxter
1802   Parliamentary act obtained to allowed commercial building on Glebe-land. First time in Britain      
1802   1803 Rates raised  1370 but expenditure was 1453   Chris Evans  
1802   Penydarren has 3 furnaces producing 8000 tons pa   The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1802   States that Crawshay having perfected Court's puddling process made during the last war 50,000 pure profit on 70 to 80,000 ship pounds of wrought Iron I calculated 1 ship pound = 22.4 lbs Svedenstierna's Tour of Great Britain 1802-1803
1803 01-May Samuel Homfray buys 1/4 share in Trevithick's Patents   The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1803 01-Mar States production at 40 tons pig iron & castings per week or over ,also over 20,000 tons odd wrought iron etc. P.A.   Svedenstierna's Tour of Great Britain 1802-1803
1803   Penydarren tramway built to Abercynon by the Glamorgan canal ( see 1801 )   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1803   Tramway  from Morlais Castle quarries to Penydarren works  2 gauges used   Stone Blocks & Iron Rails by Bertram Baxter
1803   Hill takes on Partners J.N.Miers & A. Struttle    The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1803   Hill with the financial backing of his new partners build about 3/4 of a mile from his Plymouth works a new forge at Pentrbach   Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads and their Locomotives by G.Rattenbury & M.J.T.Lewis
1803   1st Printing press in town      
1803   Malkin states that Cyfarthfa Iron Works largest in the Kingdom, employing 1300 men   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1803    G. M. Mabor Rector of the parish has a stipend of 300 PA he was born in 1759 & dies in 1844 1n 1816 he went to live in Swansea leaving his curates to run the parish    
1803   Richard Brown is reputed to have built the boilers for Richard Trevithick      
1803   States Penydarren has 3 blast 3 refining & 25 puddling furnaces & 9 or 10 steam engines production is 8000 tons pa buys from 2 nearby blast furnaces employs 4000 workers Svedenstierna's Tour of Great Britain 1802-1803
1803   States the canal makes 7 to 9 % profit any thing over 8 goes to local communities canal has 52 locks drops 530 feet lock dues are 6d per ton per mile canal is 23 miles Svedenstierna's Tour of Great Britain 1802-1803
1803   Soar ( Zoar ) Independent chapel erected  informant Benjamin Owen Minister High Street Built  see 1794  See history of the Chapel in 1794 founding fathers meeting Religious Census 1851 ( 2:13)  
1804 14-Feb Richard Trevithick's locomotive journey from Penydarren to Abercynon, he was only 33 he died in 1833 Patented by Vivan &Co IN 1802 Pulled 25 tons of iron & 70 men. He went bankrupt in 1811. Times said he designed it in 1801  
1804   A corps called "Dowlais Marksmen " formed under the auspices of Guest   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1804   a stage coach runs from Merthyr to Cardiff 5 days per week      
1804   Cyfarthfa Iron works has 4 Blast furnaces and a : 50 FT diameter water wheel its gudgeon pin weighs  100 tons It has over 1000 employees   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1806 19-Nov In the Bishops List no regular services held in English   History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1806   Richard Hill dies leaves his shares to sons Richard , John & Anthoney        
1806   Cyfarthfa has 6 blast furnaces & some 1500 employees who are paid 30/- per week  Plant includes 2 rolling mills & 4 steam engines    
1806   In his guide states that Plymouth Iron Works made 3952 tons of iron    A Guide to Merthyr Tydfil ( First published 1848 ) by T.E. Clarke
1806   Joseph Bailey arrives to join Richard Crawshay Identity verified by Mr Kirkhouse of Llwyncelyn    
1806   Richard Crawshay complains to William Smith that he had not received any maps for which he has subscribed   The Map That Changed the World By Simon Winchester
1806   Around this date William Price formally Minister of Ebenezer MT built "BETHEL " in Dowlais Believed to be at lower end  of high st or near Bryn Seion Merthyr Historian Volume 5 by Martin Snead
1806   Richard Crawshay among the complainants at Smiths delay in Publishing his map being a subscriber   The Map That Changed the World By Simon Winchester
1806   Dowlais considers making cannons Clarke states works owned by Lewis & Tate The Economic History of the British Iron & Steel Industry 1784 - 1879 By Alan Birch
1806   Dowlais Iron Works with its output some 6000 TPA is buying in pig from other local Iron Works mainly Penydarren   The Welsh History Review Vol. 6 No. 1 by M.J.Daunton
1807 01-Jan 16 English Baptist led by T.W. Chance meet over a blacksmith shop to form a chapel the site is now occupied by Hope chapel   Centenary Souvenir 1807 1907 High Street Baptist Church History
1807 22-Jun in the Bishops list "DOWLAIS CHAPEL" registered Surmises that this was in Merthyr by the New Drill Hall near Jacksons Bridge  ( Dowlais " Tramway " Chapel History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1807 28-Feb Aged 22 John Josiah Guest succeeded his father Thomas as manager at Dowlais Iron works ( until 1852 on his death )  with Alexander Kirkwood   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1807 27-May Zion Chapel in Twynyrodyn foundation stone for the extension laid   Booklet " Zion Welsh Baptist Church
1807   Cae Chapel built in Cefn Calvinistic Methodist Informant John Llewellyn Deacon Grocer Cefn   Religious Census 1851 Vaynor 2 (28)
1807   Cae Chapel & Moriah Built in Cefn      
1807   Zoar members in dispute over Mr Lewis expenses of his fund raising trip to London suggests that dissenting members decided to form Bethesda  Zoar Chapel by Angharad Lewis  
1807    Thomas Guest dies aged 59. Dowlais Iron works  partners J.J.Guest 9/16 T.R.Guest 1/16 Lewis 6/16 Tait retired   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1807   Cyfarthfa has a new blast furnace   Chris Evans  
1807   Cyfarthfa Philosophical Society  Formed   A Brief History of Merthyr by Joseph Gross
1807   Rebuilding of Parish church, completed in 1809. believed it was on the site of the 14th century church      
1807   Hill crates a new company with his son Richard & Messer Myers & Strallel  Plymouth Iron & Forge Company Has 3 Blast furnaces including Pentrebach & Duffryn 4th built in 1815    
1807   The Merthyr Philosophical Society Formed( In the Denevor Arms G.A.W. )   Peter Lord  
1807   The Plymouth works build Long Row for its workers      
1807   English Baptist number increase, move to a new venue Rooms over 2 cottages in Morgan Joseph Square owned by M. Joseph High St Baptist Church History  
1808   The jail was built at a cost of 60   Welsh History Review  
1808   Richard Wilson archbishop of Llandaff comes to town and claims his was the first Bishopric visit Held Confirmation , renovation or rebuilding started following year Leaflet  
1809 15-Nov Dowlais & Penydarren workmen fight on the mountains believing that the other is interfering in their work, due to the leases giving both companies the mineral rights   Chris Evans  
1809   Court of Request established for debts up to 5  also Jail built for defaulters from this court The jail was called the Black Hole  The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1809   Bethel in Georgetown Baptist ( English or Welsh ) informant John Lloyd Minister In T.F. Clarks Guide states a branch of Ebenezer Religious Census (2:6)  
1809   The Glamorgan Canal users finally get the courts to reduce the carriage rates The Canal Co. appeal overturned this ruling   The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1810 27-Jun Richard Crawshay dies buried at Llandaff reported to be worth 150,000 he was born in 1739 1799 6TH Richest man in Britain His wife died on 30/09/1825 interned with him    
1810 27-Jun Richard CrawshayI said to have purchased Cyfarthfa Works for 95000 He lived in Cyfarthfa House History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1810 27-Jun Richard Crawshay I left 3/8th to William & Benj. Hall & 1/4 to Joseph Baily   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1810   In the coach following the body Richard 11 his brother William 11 with their father William 1 also Benjamin Hall the son in law    
1810   This Minister Samuel Evans served Zoar until 1833 also at Bethania Dowlais & Bethel      
1810   Dowlais Iron works  Puddlers strike due to wage cuts Profit for Year 9845 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1810   William Crawshay succeeds his father Richard      
1810   Cyfarthfa producing 10,000 tons of iron per year      
1810   Crawshay opens colliery to produce " sale coal " only   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1810   Dowlais Iron works has its first strike over the reduction of puddlers wages from 12/- to 10/6 per ton Strike leader a David Bowen " DAI BUFF" it lasted 4 to 6 weeks     
1810   More riots in Dowlais over the Dowlais Iron works truck shops       
1810   Loyal Cambrian Lodge founded   Merthyr Historian Volume Twenty One By Joe. England
1811   Bethesda, Gafael y Garth built informant David Jones Minister   Religious Census 1851 ( 3:21 )  
1811   Shiloh  Wesleyan ( not the MINERS HALL ) Built Informant William Watkins Tram road side   Religious Census 1851 (2::5)  
1811   Richard Hill dies he is buried at Llandaff   Charles Wilkins  
1811   Census shows parish population has increased by 44% since 1801 = 11104 total      
1812 12-Jun Keepers of Turnpike Gates appointed Blackbrook  Plymouth , Pandy , Nantgarw & Pontmorlais    Merthyr Tydfil Drawn From Life By Eira Smith
1812   John Wilkins of Wilkins's Bank opens a branch did not open one in cardiff until 1856 ( Born 1778 Died 1890 ) believed on site occupied by Lloyds's Bank ) Branches at Haverfordwest  1828 : Cardigan 1831 : Carmarthen 1834 : Llanelli 1837 ; Aberdare 1854 Mair Ford & internet  
1813 01-Mar Staffordshire Iron Wks want cartel Crawshay believes it would be detrimental In June Yrisfach furnaces blown out  losses running 5/6,000 Cyfarthfa in trouble Schedule of Cyfarthfa Papers Vol. 1
1813   Dowlais Iron works advertise for a furnace manager in the Midlands news papers   Chris Evans  
1813   Samuel Homfray leaves Penydarren for Tredegar Iron Wks Thomas Homfey ,William & Henry Foreman owners The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1813   The English Baptist led by T.W. Chance  buy the empty Bethel Chapel & Burial Ground abandoned by the General Baptist for 200 opened for service in April Centenary Souvenir 1807 1907 High Street Baptist Church History
1813   Cyfarthfa Wks Capital 10,000  Iron production ahead of Puddlers in Feb need to reduce wage cost  Glamorgan Canal Co .in Debt to Cyfarthfa Schedule of Cyfarthfa Papers Vol. 1
1813   Until 1816 the sale price of Iron dropped dramatically causing problems for the Iron works & hardship for the workers, who rioted over the price of food These market conditions affected every Iron works in the UK The Welsh History Review Vol.6 No.1 M.J.Daunton
1814   Turnpike road from Merthyr to the Storyarms opened      
1814   Alexander Kirkwood dies  J.J.G now sole manager of Dowlais Iron works paid  400 PA   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1814 14-Aug English baptist hold ordination service in Bethel Rev. Herbert Evans from Abergavenny   Centenary Souvenir 1807 1907 High Street Baptist Church History
1815   Dowlais now has 5 furnaces , J.J.Guest uncle William Taitt dies leaves him his 1/2 share Production of all Merthyr furnaces averaging some  50 tons per week by 1845 it is 80 History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1815   Cyfarthfa has 7 furnaces making 50 tons  of iron weekly   A Guide to Merthyr Tydfil ( First published 1848 ) by T.E. Clarke
1815   In his guide states that Plymouth had 3 furnaces  made 7800 tons of iron ( I presume in a year )   A Guide to Merthyr Tydfil ( First published 1848 ) by T.E. Clarke
1815   Claims Dowlais Iron company's name changes to " Guest & Co. J.J.Guest inherits shares from William Taitt   Earl B. Thomas  
1815   William Taitt dies J.J. G. Managing partner 0f Dowlais Iron with 9 shares T.R.Guest 1 & W. Lewis 6 production 15,600 TPA Profit for Year 15020 Wages per week . Furnace keepers 21/- : fitters & colliers 15/- boy 3/- to 8/- Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1815   In his guide states that Penydarren had 3 furnaces  made 7800 tons of iron ( i presume in a year )   A Guide to Merthyr Tydfil ( First published 1848 ) by T.E. Clarke
1815   Plymouth has its 4th furnace   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1815   Dowlais Iron has its 10 th furnace After the death of William Taitt Josiah John Guest in sole charge    
1815   Dowlais Iron Company starts issuing monetary promissory notes   Charles Wilkins  
1815   Town has some 4115 members of Friendly societies   Merthyr Tydfil Iron Metropolis By Keith Strange
1816   Riots in Town and labour unrest Glamorgan Militia in town 18/10 to 28/10 Dowlais lay off all its puddlers on 16th June. It was reported that Crawshay hid in hillside farm JOHN A. OWEN  
1816   Dowlais Iron yearly profit 10952  production 12,524 TPA No 6 & 7 furnaces built at a cost 4577 Profit for Year 9845 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1817   Guest marries a Maria Rankin an Irish lady whose family had fled the 1798 rebellion Died 14 January 1818 9 moths after marriage History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1817   Cyfarthfa wages raised believed to be by 16 1/2% due to a trade revival, truck shop shut      
1817   The Glamorgan canal using Iron boats 15 ft x 8 ft requiring little repairs as wooden ones cost of timber a factor   The Economic History of the British Iron & Steel Industry 1784 - 1879 By Alan Birch
1818   Dowlais House started also Rhas Las Pond made Profit for Year 9845 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1818   Vale for Rates Dowlais 330 - Penydarren 180 - Plymouth 421-2-6 - Cyfarthfa 421-2-6      
1818   108 men employed by Public wks Dept down 36 from 1917 still strike for wages stopping funerals   Merthyr Express 2/1 & 9/2/1918   
1819   Cyfarthfa has 6th furnace producing 11,000 tons of pig & 12,000 tons of bar      
1819   William Crawshay acquires Hirwaun Iron Works also builds a tin plate works at Treforest      
1819   Dowlais Iron Partners J.J.Guest .Wyndaham Lewis : W.P.Lewis both of Greenmeadow * Thomas Revel Guest of Cork   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1819   Partners in Dowlais Iron J.J.Guest .Thomas Revel Guest of Cork :Wyndaham Lewis : W.P.Lewis both of Greenmeadow *  So Guests own 5/8 to Lewis 3/8 Wks production now 10,000 tons P.A.  The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1819   Plymouth works build new furnaces at Dyffryn   The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1819   Job James takes over William Williams Book Shop & Printer       
1820 15-Jun Plot of land leased  by 7 members for 99 years at 1-5-1 including land tax for the building of CAERSALEM Field known as cae-dan-y-ty ( The field below the house) building by the members started cost 500 History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1820 04-Oct Caersalem Particular Baptist Chapel built in Well St. Dowlais rebuilt in 1832 Informant in 1851 census Edward Evans Minister 3 (4) History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1820   In the 20's Alderman Thompson buys the Penydarren Iron Works   Bessbrough Diaries of Lady Charlotte Guest
1820   The Patriot Inn was regarded as the HQ of Charterism in the town   The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1820   Crawshay was a tory by 1830 he became a wig      
1820   Dowlais Iron  now importing iron ore from Lancastershire & Cumberland   EDGAR JONES  
1820   Dowlais school starts situated on the upper floor of the new stables 200 boys & 100 girls Company made profit 34,869 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1820   District credited with producing 150 000 tons of Iron 37.5 % of Gb output by 1839 555,000 tons still 36% of GB output   Merthyr Guardian  
1821 01-Mar  Cymreigyddion society formed in "The Patriot Inn was regarded as the HQ of Charters in the town Branches formed in other pubs in the district The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1821   Glamorgan canal carrying 18070 Tons pa      
1821   Dowlais starts rolling railway rails , in now has 8 Iron Furnaces built No. 8 furnace at cost 1200 For the Stockton & Darlington Railway Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1821   Unitarian Chapel ( believed at bottom of Twynyrodyn hill & old Court street informant George Lunn   Religious Census 1851 ( 2:26 )  
1821   Hen Dy Cwrdd down to 33 members only 3 from Cefn      
1821   3052 houses 9552 males 7852 females 17401 total increase of  56% from 1811      
1822   Dowlais Iron builds iron furnace No. 9, its production reached 22,287 tons in 1823   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1822   In Pigot & Co. directory of the town it had 3 book shops 4 in 1830 but only 3 in 1835   Peter Lord  
1822   RC Bishop Collingridge appointed William Lewis to be Catechist for town   History of the Iron Trade by H. Scrivenor
1822   Dowlais Bethel Chapel being vacant occupied by Independents who attended Zoar & Bethesda in Merthyr  They would form Bethania in 1824 Merthyr Historian Volume 5 by Martin Snead
1822   Samuel Homfray dies Penydarren now run by William Foreman & Alderman William Thompson These were investors not Iron men Brunel in South Wales By Stephen K. Jones
1822   Crawshay selling coal, this brought him it trouble with his landlords   The South Wales Coal Industry 1841 - 1875 J.H.Morris & L.J.Williams
1823   A Chapel of ease built by Guest   A History of the Church in the Parish of Dowlais By Huw. Williams
1823   Saint John's church Dowlais register starts from this date History of Caersalem claims Guest paid 3000 towards cost existing burial ground on site KELLY'S 1884  
1823   Dowlais Iron using 10 furnaces  producing 22,287 ton creating profits 34,869 Closes Company shop J.J.Guest opens Bank with branches in Merthyr & Cardiff closed in 1825 Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1823   Penydarren has 5 furnaces and is producing 15,547 tons per annum    The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1823   Area now producing 40% of the British output of Pig Iron   Merthyr Tydfil Iron Metropolis By Keith Strange
1824 05-Sep Fr. Edward Richards celebrated hid first Mass claims 71 Irish in town 300 in his area Located in Abergavenny from 1820-1828 History of the Iron Trade by H. Scrivenor
1824   Plymouth works has 2 new furnaces and are planning to build a steam blowing engine Water wheel erected at Pentrebach called the little wheel and its 8th furnace is claimed as largest in Wales Charles Wilkins  
1824   Dowlais Bethania Chapel Independent  Started 1823 opened in early spring looked  after by ministers from Merthyr Cost 400 Informant in 1851 Religious census not disclosed but that a new chapel built in 1850 3 (5)  Merthyr Historian Volume 6 by Martin Snead
1824   Bethel Georgetown burial ground ceased to be used   Health Report  
1824   To Abergavenny road opened   The Story of Merthyr Tydfil NUT 1932
1824   Bute claims Dowlais has infringed on his leases matter resolved in 1828   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1824   On Merthyr & Gelligaer Common Bute owned or rented 1710 acres with an income of 1317-7-0  In year 2000 = 103105 Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1824   A David Williams 's of Gwaelod-y-Garth Bank collapsed   Welsh History Review  
1825   Glamorgan Canal now carrying 23,063 tons pa      
1825   Cyfarthfa Castle finished designed by Richard Lugar. Crawshay had a feeder built to supply the new lake running alongside the Gurnos tramway Cost 30,000 grounds cost 6,000 Cadw  
1825   The  Cyfarthfa section of the Glamorgan  Canal now obsolete replaced by tramways    The Glamorganshire & Aberdare Canals by S. Rowson & I.L.Wright
1825   Chapel Row built No. 4 birth place of Dr. Joseph Parry   Merthyr Tydfil Tourist Leaflet  
1825   John Hill Retires      
1825   The first balanced pit sunk a Winchfawr by William Crawshay engineer Henry Kirkhouse   MERTHYR EXPRESS  
1825   Around this date Caersalem Congregation forced out minister who with a few followers worshiped in private house in Church St   Merthyr Historian Volume 5 by Martin Snead
1825   The report on the opening of St Mary's 11 claim that Fr Portal came now not in 1827 Returns to France in 1814  Merthyr Express 29 September 1804
1825   Zoar decide to extend chapel at a cost of 600 members left & met in room behind Crown inn Zoar Chapel by Angharad Lewis  
1826 21-Sep Bethel seating doubled cost 495 took 10 years to pay off the debt   Centenary Souvenir 1807 1907 High Street Baptist Church History
1826   Bethania in Dowlais with new minister build in its own grounds a bigger Bethania In less than year divisions force out T.G.Jones the move to vacant Bethel Merthyr Historian Volume 5 by Martin Snead
1826   first date that Fr. Carroll an Irish man came to Town ( other dates 1836 or 1839 )   History of the Iron Trade by H. Scrivenor
1826   John Josiah Guest MP for Honiton, so he could afford to spend a lot of time in London as his partner William Lewis MP for Cardiff   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd
1826   Dowlais Partners J.J.Guest W.P.Lewis Wyndham Lewis Thomas Revel Guest   The Early History South Wales Iron Works 1760-1840 by John Lloyd 
1826   Thomas Guest stopped furnaces for 8 - 12 hrs on Sundays sent Thomas Evans to see this practice at Ironbridge I expect it was to prolong the campaign life by carrying out minor repairs Parliamentary report on child employment
1826   William Crawshay 11 buys Hensol Castle for 17500   The Crawshays of the Castle By Margaret Stewart Taylor
1827 23-Jan Original lease on the Plymouth Works reissued to Bacon Under leased to Hill for 15 Years at  1250 PA    
1827 27-Nov Dr Summers Bishop of Winchester and formally of Llandaff opens Saint John's Dowlais  J.J.GUEST gave  3000 towards cost, claims graveyard goes back to 1818 +Chapel Ease since 1823 A History of the Church in Dowlais By Huw. Williams
1827   Plymouth works build new furnace at Duffryn   The South Wales Iron Industry 1750-1885 by Laurence Ince
1827   Hermon Welsh Calvinistic Methodist built Lower Union St. Dowlais  informant Robert Fredrick Deacon a grocer Rebuilt in 1840 Religious Census 1851 ( 3:13 )  
1827   An English Wesleyan Chapel Built informant Frederick Atkins Chapel & Society Steward Bethania St. Dowlais   Religious Census 1851 ( 3:14 )  
1827   Fr.Patrick  Portal comes to town , he moved to Newport in 1831, had to cover Cardiff   300 Catholics  ( he died in 1835 ) succeeded by Fr. Carroll an Irishman dates uncertain 1826 - 1836 - 1839 . he kept a shop  History of the Iron Trade by H. Scrivenor
1827   Farther Patrick Portal comes to town believed he rented rooms at or near the old slaughter house Pondside In 1831 went to Newport stil Parish Priest Leaflet  
1827   Portal was from Watford in area including Tredegar & Sirhywi only 300 Irish men & women   The Irish in Wales 1798 - 1922 By  Paul O' Leary
1827   First Catholic Mission Fr Ignatius Richards Tells Bishop Collingridge at least 300 Catholics - 188 men Employed Cyfarthfa 42-Dowlais 22- Plymouth 41- Penydarren 13 Rhymney 52 Sirhowy 17 Tredegar 7 Roman Catholic Education By James Stephen Williams
1827   Stage coach to swansea via Brecon      
1828   Robert Thomas starts exporting domestic coal from Waun Wyllt the 4ft seam at Abercanaid   David Williams  
1828   Cyfarthfa selling Iron Bar at 7 per ton with various discount for Cash      
1828   Dowlais Co. Share holding J.J.Guest 9 : T.R.Guest 1 : W.Lewis 3 : W.P.Lewis 3   Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1828   Bethlehem Chapel Built at Pontsticyll  informant John Thomas Minister Bethlehem Dowlais      Religious Census 1851 Vaynor 2 (32)
1828   Penydarren Iron Works order a locomotive from Robert Stevenson cost 375   Brunel in South Wales By Stephen K. Jones
1828   Shiloh Chapel rebuilt but address given as Heolwermod and Wesleyan ( See Shiloh listed as (2:5) in 1811 In T.F. Clark's guide gives Siloh in High St, built circa 1828 Religious census 1851 ( 2:24)  
1829 23-Jul William Foreman share holder in Penydarren dies  Other Partner Samuel Homfrays son-in-law Alderman W. Thompson Richard Foreman on site  
1829   Phillips Williams of Senghendd was granted a 21 year lease at Utwch Caiach  extended in 1619 to 99 years  at 2-0-0 per year = 2000 vale 180 Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1829   Town has a stipendiary Magistrate Salary 600 1/2 paid by levy on Iron Works  (GAW )    
1829   An agreement with the 2nd Marquis of Bute to end all current disputes & litigation with the Dowlais Iron Company   Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1829   Adulum Chapel in lower Thomas Street Splinter from Pennsylvania Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1829   In Dowlais Hermon Chapel   TBA  
1829   Caersalem became independent of Zion & Ebenezer   History of Caersalem , Dowlais by J.R.Williams & Gwyneth Williams
1829   Penydarren one of the suppliers of rails to the Manchester railway   The Economic History of the British Iron & Steel Industry 1784 - 1879 By Alan Birch
1829   Cyfarthfa is selling pig Iron at 4.5 ton ( 4 : 10 : 0 )      
1829   New steeple & clock added to the Parish Church      
1829   Agreement between Dowlais Co. & 2nd Marquis of Bute to end all outstanding disagreements & Litigation   Gelligaer & Merthyr Common by Judith Jones
1830 01-Sep Penydarren is rolling rails for the Manchester Liverpool Railway company now producing some 17,025 Tons PA Charles Wilkins  
1830 12-Nov Lucy Thomas exports 400 tons of coal to London via Cardiff docks Her agent was Georg Insole Claimed price was 4/- ton at pit head    
1830   Report in the Mechanical magazine on Cyfarthfa having 5,00 employees with 450 horses ( see below ) 8 steam engines, 84 water wheels 3 forges a foundry & 8 rolling mills plus 1 bearing mill  History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1830   Dowlais Iron open the quarry near Morlais castle   Merthyr Tramroads and their Locomotives by G.Rattenbury & M.J.Lewis
1830    Cyfarthfa has 100 miles of railways, 7 miles of Canals, uses 40,000 tons of lime & 20,000 tons of coal pa   History of Merthyr Tydfil by Charles Wilkins F.G.S
1830   Anti Truck shop meeting held in the Parish Church Miners from the Swansea area petition magistrates & monmouth Magistrates partition Parliament David Williams  
1830   The road previously built to story arms now extended into Brecon it self      
1830   Armenians start to build chapel in Bryant's field but run out of money. See 1834 Welsh Baptist bought the unfinished building for 25 and completed building for 300 called it Tabernacle Merthyr Historian No.10  
1830   Recession in Iron Trade 1/4 furnaces shut down in town J.A.Owen claims Dowlais made Profit 12.568 The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1830   Merthyr Parish Relief 660 in the red at times it run out of money Poor rate rose from 3/6 to 8/- by end 1831   The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1830   Marquis Bute stated that Merthyr wanted to abolish or reform Court of Request Govt. had own revision   Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1830   All the iron works in the town are now producing railway rails Penydarren for Liverpool Manchester Railway    
1830   Dowlais Iron producing 20,000 tons of rails plus 7647 of Iron  Workers Benevolent Society Started by Workers a Voluntary Scheme Merthyr Historian Volume 1 By John A. Owen
1830   Towns Vestry ( Poor Law ) becomes insolvent   Poor Relief Merthyr Tydfil's Union in Victorian Times By Tydfil Thomas
1830   Dowlais Works  installs a Big Mill only for rolling rails   From Dowlais to Tremorfa By Mandy Walker
1830   Zion chapel in Twynyrodyn released members to found church in Cwmfelin " Salam "   Booklet " Zion Welsh Baptist Church
1830   Guest now sends more Iron down Glamorgan canal than Crawshay . In 1883 & 1884  Crawshay regained the title 1831 was a bad year for Crawshay Merthyr Guardian  
1831 01-Mar Crawshay gives notice of wage cuts and Job losses for all Cyfarthfa employees   Bob Saunders web site  
1831 28-Mar William Crawshay  gave notice to his Ironstone miners of  wage reduction of 3 to 7 pence per ton Notice expired on 25 April & payment received 23 May Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1831 28-Mar Crawshay in letter to Observer claims 50, 000 tons in stock 78,000 tons iron ore Price of bar down to 5 ton Iron stone miners still better paid than his competitors Extracts from observers letters  
1831 01-May Crawshay makes 84 puddlers redundant   Bob Saunders web site  
1831 09-May Parades held in the Town also in Dowlais burning effigies of prominent Tories Bush Hotel invaded by Demonstrators ( who they were not stated not stated by Gwyn Alf ) The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1831 09-May Mob of 5000 visit James Stephen's a shopkeeper because of his anti reform attitude Thomas Llewellyn leader  Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1831 10-May Thomas Llewellyn Leader of a mob that attacked houses arrested placed before magistrate released by mob   Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1831 15-May Demonstrations calling for the Court of Requests to be abolished      
1831 16-May Demonstrations Crowds stop the Court of Request agents seizing  property      
1831 24-May William Crawshay  sacked 84 puddlers ( G.A.W. said 23rd )   Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1831 30-May Rally at Twyn y Waun wanted 1 Abolition Court Req. 2 Imprisonment for debt 3 Food price Controls 4 Control of working practices in mines  White flags inscribed " Reform in Parliament & God Save William 1V attendees varied from 2 to 10 The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1831 30-May Rally of 2000  at Twyn y Waun wanted reform of the Court of Requests,  the Waun fair also on White flags inscribed " Reform in Parliament & God Save William 1V attendees varied from 2 to 10 Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1831 31-May Large meeting held on the Waun 2000 attended including a Union member from National Association   Bob Saunders  
1831 31-May At Penderyn Lewis Lewis and neighbours prevented bailiffs entering his house Bruce attended and agreed a settlement Saunders say they then marched to Merthyr Bob Saunders  
1831 01-Jun Court of Request ransacked by the mob. Crowds remonstrate with shops selling goods/ property seized by them      
1831 01-Jun Crawshay announces his miners wage reduction   David Williams  
1831 01-Jun Led by Thomas Llewellyn a march to Aberdare to confront Richard Fothergill He said that Cyfarthfa ironstone miners were paid to much The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1831 01-Jun Thomas Llewellyn with others visit Richard Fothergill forced retraction over high wages in Cyfarthfa they attacked Aberdare Truck Shop Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones
1831 01-Jun In the morning Penderyn villages stopped by physical force Court of Requests order on Lewis Lewis Bruce sent constables to arrest parties & Lewis was ordered to pay 6d week to debt 18-19-0 Chest was held The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1831 01-Jun Iron workers marched to Fothergill's works ( he does not state it was over alleged wage differences)   Bob Saunders web site  
1831 02-May Mass Meetings at Riverside   The Merthyr Risings by Gwyn A. Williams
1831 02-Jun Lewis Lewis not only group other sought out owners of seized goods to reclaim them Tradesmen meeting Bruce in the Castle Inn requested troops took Crawshay to persuade him Before Rebecca  By David J.V. Jones